Friday, December 15, 2017

Most researchers think state of science in Ukraine deteriorates at alarming rate

Data from sociologists show that 52% of Ukrainian scientists think the Ukrainian government and businesses do not have need of their engineering developments, whereas international corporations take a keen interest in them. Reportedly, 64% of boffins from 35 research institutions based in Kiev, Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk, Odessa and Lvov tell pollsters that the general state of science in Ukraine is deteriorating at an alarming rate.

In the poll conducted by the sociological group Rating 47% of scientists believe science is developing, thanks to a contribution made by individual researchers and inventors. Importantly, 60% of the respondents pointed out that medicine needs desperately scientific innovations.

By comparison, American universities spend up to 75% of their budgets on administrators, many of whom have outsized incomes. According to Paul Craig Roberts, chairman of the U.S. Institute for Political Economy, the purpose of education today is to pass some test. School accreditation and teachers' pay depend not on developing the creativity or independent thinking of those students capable of it, but on herding them through memory work for a standardized test.

Friday, December 8, 2017

КПИ И ИНСТИТУТ АВТОМАТИКИ АКАДЕМИИ НАУК ПРОВИНЦИИ ШАНЬДУН ЗАКЛЮЧИЛИ СОГЛАШЕНИЕ НА 20 ТЫС. ДОЛЛАРОВ

23 ноября в Киевском политехническом институте имени Игоря Сикорского (КПИ) было подписано соглашение с Институтом автоматики Академии наук китайской провинции Шаньдун, родины Конфуция, о сотрудничестве в оказании услуг по анализу документации и консультирования.

Предметом соглашения на сумму 20 тысяч долларов является оказание услуг и анализ эскизной конструкторской документации двух конструктивных элементов измерительной системы мониторинга гидроакустических сигналов и помех в инфразвуковом и низком звуковом диапазонах. Кроме того, документ предусматривает консультирование заказчика по вопросам анализа характеристик морских объектов.

Инвестором и заказчиком работ выступает Институт автоматики Академии наук провинции Шаньдун, а исполнителем – конструкторское бюро "Шторм" КПИ. От имени КПИ документ подписал проректор по научной работе Михаил Ильченко, а от имени Института автоматики Академии наук провинции Шаньдун – профессор Чжан Дун.

В соглашении прописаны конкретные условия сотрудничества, обязанности сторон и прозрачная схема финансирования работ. Срок осуществления проекта составляет 12 месяцев.

Как отметил профессор Чжан Дун, это лишь первый шаг на пути сотрудничества в утверждённой в документе тематике, и при условии успешной реализации этого этапа, будет заключено новое соглашение на проведение дальнейших работ по разработке и изготовлению конкретных изделий.

Дополнительная информация: ilch@kpi.ua

Wednesday, December 6, 2017

Global Surgery Congress held in Kiev

For the first time, the Global Surgery Congress, organized by the Valikhnovski Surgery Institute and A7 Conferences, took place in Kiev on November 22-23. The main idea of the event was to create the large international discussion platform in Ukraine that united Ukrainian surgeons from all over the world in the realm of emergency and traumatic surgery.

The Congress brought together creme de la creme to share experience.
Its format included a presentation of European protocols and surgical care standards, demonstration of the experience of Ukrainian surgeons with wounded participants in hostilities. High-level speakers, particularly professors and PhD from 12 countries, participated in the event.

Rostislav Valikhnovski, Honored Doctor of Ukraine and founder of the Valikhnovski Surgery Institute, said: “During the congress, I was impressed by the level of reports made by professors, as well as the guests from countries with the most advanced health care system. In fact, 12 representatives of elite clinics from Britain, Germany, Israel and South Korea attended the event. For example, David Kakiashvilli brought his own know-how from Israel, namely the Da Vinci Surgical System."

According to him, a very interesting report was made by Leonid Kogan, who shared the standards and protocols of reconstructive military surgery. In particular, he spoke about the treatment of Syrian servicemen - about the
mechanisms of transplantation of the widest back muscles to the affected upper limbs. Participants in the forum took a keen interest in the report on organ transplantation, which was made by a South Korean professor. It  is worth noting that South Korea is the one of the world's top ten countries in terms of the development of surgery, particularly transplantology. Unfortunately, this direction is still in its infancy in Ukraine. That is why there are still problems related to legislation in this area.

Leonid Kogan, head of the Plastic Surgery and Burns Department of the Israel-based Galilee Medical Center, thanked for the opportunity to attend such a major event in the field of surgery in Ukraine. “During the Kiev World Surgical Congress, I became convinced that Ukrainian surgeons have great professional skills. I am pleased to invite Ukrainian doctors to Israel so that they could gain experience and share knowledge,” he said.

Among speakers of the Forum were also Yang Goo Lee, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Korea
to Ukraine
; Eliav Belotserkovsky, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the State of Israel to Ukraine; and many others.

Friday, December 1, 2017

BSUN priorities discussed in Kishinev

The BSUN Executive Board Meeting and the Workshop entitled "Interuniversity Cooperative Activities on Satellite Data Procession and Space Technologies” took place at the Technical University of Moldavia in Kishinev on October 19-20. Representatives of universities of Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, the Republic of Georgia, Turkey, Ukraine, Romania and Moldavia participated in the meeting.

Prof. Dr. Sergei Sidorenko, Vice-Rector for International Affairs and corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, represented the Igor Sikorsky Kiev Polytechnic Institute (KPI) at the meeting. In particular, he made the report on projects within the framework of KPI space program.

In an interview with the newspaper Kiev Polytechnic, Dr. Sidorenko told about BSUN, participation of KPI in its activities and the workshop at the Technical University of Moldavia.


"BSUN - the Black Sea Universities Network - comprises 110 universities from 12 countries. It was established in 1997 for the purpose of developing cooperation and mutual exchange in educational, scientific and cultural fields between universities and other institutions of member countries of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC). Igor Sikorsky KPI has been the member of BSUN since 2007. In addition, KPI Rector Mikhail Zgurovsky was the BSUN President in 2008-2010 and then member of the BSUN governing body Presidential Troika in 2010-2012. In 2010 Igor Sikorsky KPI hosted the congress of rectors of BSUN higher education institutions, which identified its actions for the future.

"In recent years KPI has been remaining one of the key players within BSUN, as our University is implementing many pilot projects that are of high importance not only for Ukraine but for the whole region. For instance, we took the initiative in making universities based in the Black Sea region play a much more important role in the formation of sustainable development policy in their countries. Today Igor Sikorsky KPI can share the experience concerning such subjects as the innovative platform of a research university, quality assurance in higher technical education, international accreditation of specialties, enhanced internationalization of a university, establishment of university's management system based on new principles in the international sphere.

"Incidentally, it is worth noting that among higher education institutions within BSUN, Ukrainian universities boast the highest representation. In fact, 23 higher education institutions of Ukraine have joined this network."

Could you give more details of the workshop in Kishinev?

The BSUN governing body established the priorities of work in the following areas: cooperation in joint educational programs; internationalization of BSUN member universities; development and management of large educational and research infrastructures; joint actions designed to explore frontier zones; models of cooperation between universities and industry; and the best practices of universities management.

And this time organizers of the event asked us to showcase projects of the KPI space program, which was done. I would like to avail myself of this opportunity to thank the Department of Science and Innovation for the materials that helped us prepare the presentation. Frankly, we really had enough information to give and participants in the gathering took a keen interest in it.

However, scientists of the Technical University of Moldavia (TUM) are not merely engaged in space technologies but also the establishment of the separate specialized National Center of Space Technologies for which the area spanning 800 square meters has been allocated. Academician Ion Bostan, who, by the way, cooperated fruitfully with KPI when he was TUM Rector, directs the Center. A satellite in the micro class under the name of the "Republic of Moldavia" was developed at the Center, though it has not been launched yet.

I would like to note that we strive to revitalize our interaction with BSUN in consideration of the fact that the countries, whose universities were granted membership in this network, are members of the European Union or they joined the EU-Eastern Partnership Program. Therefore, the intensification of our bilateral cooperation with scientists of universities from these countries will give us more opportunities to receive grants within the framework of EU programs. That is why one of the urgent tasks, which faces the International Collaboration Department, provides for the intensification of work with BSUN.

Maybe you have established new useful contacts with colleagues of the Technical University of Moldavia.

We have established new contacts with the COST Association (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) that, under its European program, helps scientists of COST member countries, including those based in the Black Sea region, receive grants and promote research carried out by young scientists in particular. We agreed that notwithstanding Igor Sikorsky KPI is not the national representative of Ukraine to COST yet, COST leaders would give advice and some assistance so that our scientists could submit individually applications for grants through this European program.

I would like to say a few words about the interesting things that I got to see at the Technical University of Moldavia. The operating radar, which receives data from satellites and radio telescopes of other countries 24 hours a day, is on display outdoors at the Technical Museum. This radar transmits data to the TUM Space Exploration Center. The data are processed and returned to customers in a comprehensible and generalized form. The University has the observatory that enables physics students and astronomers to conduct astronomical research directly on the university campus.

I cannot avoid recalling horses made from automobile parts, as this composition demonstrates creative engineering thought.

TUM has the interesting experience to receive a great number of grants from the European Union. For instance, one of the biological facilities - a five-story building - was erected at the expense of the EU grant of $3 million and outfitted with the latest equipment. We will figure out how to make use of this experience at our University. I think Igor Sikorsky KPI can propose large-scale projects under solid grant support provided by the EU.

Thursday, November 30, 2017

KPI researchers work on technology of shielded development of marine gas hydrate formations

Aggregate reserves of methane gas hydrates, which occur in seas and oceans, exceed considerably prospected conventional reserves of natural gas and are seen as the most powerful source of potential mineral energy resources. At present, only a part of these formations concentrated along coastland of continents can be considered as potentially commercial reserves. Some of them have been comprehensively surveyed, and reliable data on reserves and mining conditions of development of formations gathered already.

Despite the numerous state programs of large-scale prospecting for and development of gas hydrates in seas and oceans, which were adopted by leading countries and states rich in gas hydrate formations, apropos including Ukraine, a universal 'technological clue' to economically successful offshore production of methane hydrates has not been discovered to date.

On the one hand, this can be explained by the fact that field research is focused on the problems of prospecting for gas hydrate formations, as well as by lack of experimental and commercial trials to develop marine formations, whereas theoretical approaches, modeling and inventions at the stage of concepts prevail today. In the main, a resource base is being determined, and key stakeholders are in no haste to pump large investments into testing of imperfect technical solutions because risks are greater than expected benefits.

On the other hand, there is an abundance of conditions of bedding and properties of gas hydrate layers and the environment: the depth and relief
of a seabed, temperature and chemical aggressiveness of the bed environment, the place where gas hydrate formations are concentrated (on the surface
or they occur deep in bed rocks), the structure and properties of the roof and sole of a layer in the rocks, particularly their thickness, availability
or absence of large amounts of free methane in contact with layers, composition and properties of a gas hydrate layer, etc. This indicates expedience to create the technology of production, which is expressly designed for specific formations, thereby resolving the problem of the efficient techniques of development.

Made by inventors from various countries, the analysis of the known techniques of production of methane of marine gas hydrates can be conditionally broken down into two groups in terms of the amount of their impact on a layer: 1) the greater part of the techniques that has a local impact on the limited section of a gas hydrate formation; and 2) the techniques that have a wide-ranging impact on the vast area of a surface or internal structure of a formation. The second group is the most worthwhile because it enables simultaneous dissociation of the large amount of gas and is capable of securing the profitability of offshore gas production.

The fracking technique of the second group to develop marine gas hydrate strata, which is similar to shale-gas fracking when drilling horizontal long wells in a productive layer that are designed for hydraulic fracturing of a layer and gas extraction from vast areas, looks promising as well.

It must be noted that physical properties of gas hydrates differ considerably from other rocks that have ever been developed by fracking. There are reasonable doubts of the possibility for ensuring the efficient formation of fissures and maintaining continuously the system of fissures during fracking of a layer (water and gas are quickly turned back into gas hydrate). In addition, there is a flaw in this technique, namely the high risk of the sudden release of gas caused by the rapid decomposition of gas hydrate. It is clear that such technique requires a substantial improvement. Certain solutions of the second group provide for the extraction of gas generated by wells and the availability of impenetrable rocks of the roof of a gas hydrate layer (i.e. isolation from the penetration of gas into a water area).

A group of researchers led by Prof. Gennady Gaiko of the Kiev Polytechnic Institute (KPI) have the intriguing concept that also provides for practice of a wide-ranging impact on the vast area of the bedding plane or internal structure of a formation. However, the main idea lies in the formation of the open system of fissures in rocks of the roof of a gas hydrate layer. Released gas flows out through the system to a big gas-collecting blanket that shields the greater part of the bedding plane of a formation. Currently, the KPI researchers are working on 1) the techniques of washout, explosive destruction and fracking of rocks of the roof; 2) facilities designed for gas dissociation through depressurization, injection of a heat carrier or chemical reagent; 3) design and technology of assembling large gas-collecting shields; 4) system of transportation of gas obtained from a gas-collecting shield through sea-bed pipelines in particular.

The system of shielded development of gas hydrate formations may well become the unique technique of methane production that would require a broad synergy of efforts among concerned partners and investors. The KPI scientists invite all the parties concerned to cooperate on the project with them.

Additional information: ogo55@ukr.net

Friday, November 24, 2017

The opinion poll in Ukraine: Is it possible to overcome corruption in this country?


Yes (%)             30
No (%)             40
No answer (%) 30
Source: Democratic Initiatives Foundation, Ukrainian Sociology Service

Wednesday, November 22, 2017

НА ПРИКАРПАТЬЕ РАСКОЛЬНИКИ КИЕВСКОГО ПАТРИАРХАТА УГРОЖАЮТ ПРИХОЖАНАМ УПЦ МП

Свято-Успенскую церковь Украинской православной церкви Московского патриархата (УПЦ МП), которая находится в селе Старый Гвоздец Ивано-Франковской области, раскольники Киевского патриархата попытались захватить ещё 14 октября, после так называемого сельского референдума. Пожилые прихожане, которые присутствовали на собрании, с ужасом вспоминают, как их чуть не избили, за то, что они проголосовали против беззакония и при этом не побоялись высказать своё мнение.

На собрании села люди, которые не имели никакого отношения к религиозной общине Свято-Успенской церкви УПЦ МП, незаконно "перевели" её в раскол и обманом завладели ключами от храма. Полиция почему-то не вмешивалась. Учитывая это, верующие УПЦ МП подали заявление в суд на бездействие Коломыйского отдела полиции. Жалобу судьи удовлетворили.

Однако сегодня беззаконие со стороны сельсовета и раскольников Киевского патриархата продолжается. Людям угрожают, чтобы они не приходили молиться. Прихожане обескуражены попытками перевести их общину в раскол.